Церковь Санта Мария дельи Ангели
Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli, or Virgin of the Angels
Church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Maria, to the angels and to the Christian slaves who died building the baths of Diocletian.

The church was built in the remains of the Baths of Diocletian by orders of Pope Pius IV (1559-1565), after a Sicilian priest, Fr. Antonio Lo Duca, had a vision of angels in the ruins in 1541. Pope Pius IV ordered then ordeed a church built there.

Преобразование терм Диоклециана в здание церкви стало последним архитектурным произведением Микеланджело.
Можно наблюдать обращение к использованию кирпичей, так как он восстанавливал строительную традицию римлян.

Although the interior has changed considerably and the floor has been raised a few feet, this is one of the places where you can best appreciate the size and splendour of the imperial baths.

The church was granted to the Carthusians. They had a monastery built adajcent to it, possibly to a design by Michelangelo.

After the unification of Italy in 1870, the Carthusians were evicted from the buildings, which for some time was used as a military barracks.

It was eventually handed over to the Fransiscan Order of Minims.

In 1896, the wedding of the Prince of Naples, later King Victor Emmanuel III, raised the status of the church. It has since been the scene of religious ceremonies promoted by the Italian State. The church was given the status of basilica by Pope Benedict XV in 1920.

Today, it is served by diocesan clergy, and is a parochial church.

The present titular of this church is H.E. William Henry cardinal Keeler, archbishop of Baltimore.

If you walk over to Via Parigi, you can look down into the remains of the Certosa, the monastery where you can see cells used by Carthusian hermits when Santa Maria degli Angeli was part of their chapterhouse. The Museo Nazionale delle Terme, an excellent archaeological musuem, is located in another part of the baths.

Michelangelo designed it and started the work in 1563, and after his death in 1564 (incidentally the same year that Fr. Lo Duca died) his design was completed by Jacopo Lo Duca, nephew of Fr. Antonio and pupil of Michelangelo.
In 1749, major alterations were carried out by Luigi Vanvitelli in preparation for the Holy Year of 1750.

The exterior is unique for a church, as the outer walls of the Baths of Diocletian are partially preserved. The 16th century facade was demolished in the 20th century to expose these walls.

passage hall / vestibule passage from vestibule passage towards the sanctuary transept chapel придел реликвий
chapel of Relics, or Cybo chapel придел св. Бруно
chapel of St Bruno придел св. Гиацинта
cappella di San Giacinto, chapel of St Hyacinth придел св. Николая
chapel of St Niccolo Albergati иконостас
altarpiece tomb of Vittorio Emmanuele Orlando tomb of Admiral Thaon de Revel tomb of General Armando Diaz придел св. Петра
chapel of St Peter Magdalene chapel придел Спасителя
chapel of Saviour sanctuary and apse sacristy and Carthusian choir
посвящённый предмет:
Virgin hram